Winter driving needs these great 10 top tips to help

Winter driving done safely with Driving Ayrshire’s tips

Fewer daylight hours and colder temperatures, not to mention heavy rain, snow, ice, fog and low sun – is it any wonder that winter driving is more hazardous for experienced drivers let alone novices not used to how the car acts under extreme weather conditions. However, while you can’t predict the weather, you can take sensible steps to improve safety on the road, from checking your car thoroughly to how you drive it.

With help from Leaseplan UK, we’ve put together 10 tips for safer winter driving. But first, let’s look at being prepared.

Winter Driving 10 top tips

Before you set off

There are seven things to check on your car before driving in the winter, especially if you’re travelling a long distance. These can be summarised as follows:

1) Battery: The car battery needs to work harder during the winter, so ensure it is regularly serviced.

2) Cooling system: Add anti-freeze into your cooling system, but remember to use the appropriate strength of formula.

3) Tyres: Make sure there is at least 2mm tread depth on the tyres. Consider investing in winter tyres, which are more effective in cold weather, not just in the snow.
Cooling system: Add anti-freeze into your cooling system, but remember to use the appropriate strength of formula.

4) Wipers and washers: Use high-strength screen wash and replace damaged or faulty wiper blades. Never use the wipers to clear ice from the windscreen.

5) Defrosting: Never use boiling water to clear ice from the windscreen. Instead, use an ice scraper and/or a can of de-icer. Remember to clear all areas of glass, including the mirrors and lights.

6) Lights: Check that all lights are working, including fog lights and reversing lights.
Roof and windows: Clear all snow and ice from the roof and windows before setting off.

7) Roof and windows: Clear all snow and ice from the roof and windows before setting off.

10 tips for safer winter driving

1. High gear, low revs
Use a higher gear when setting off as this will give you greater control of the vehicle. In slippery conditions, avoid using first gear if possible.

2. Take your time
When driving in snow, avoid high revs, but don’t drive so slowly that you risk losing momentum. Keep going, as this could be the difference between making it home or skidding to a halt. Remember, if you’re stuck, the chances are other drivers will be too, so you’re unlikely to receive help.

3. Skidding

If you get into a skid in snow or on ice, take your feet off the pedals and steer to safety. Only use the brakes when you’re unable to steer away from trouble.

4. Braking
Triple your braking distance and maintain a sufficient gap between you and the car in front. Any sudden movements – such as erratic steering or braking – are likely to result in the car careering out of control. Use a lower gear than normal and gently apply the brakes.

5. Stick to main roads
Keep to the main A-roads and motorways when possible, as these are more likely to have been treated with salt and cleared by a steady flow of traffic. There’s also a greater chance of help arriving should you breakdown or get stuck in a snow drift. Avoid unlit rural roads, as there’s a risk that you or your stranded car could be hit by another vehicle. It’s also worth remembering when you last passed a house or shop, in case you need to find help.

6. Visibility
Use dipped headlights in the snow, but remember to turn them off when conditions improve.

7. Potholes
Potholes are more likely to appear after freezing temperatures or a flood. It will be difficult to spot them at night, in the snow or when the roads are covered in water, so drive with extra care. Not only can a pothole cause damage to a car’s wheels, suspension or steering, you may also lose control of the vehicle.

8. Fog
In foggy conditions, reduce your speed but don’t slam on the brakes. Keep your distance to the car in front and don’t rely on them to guide you through a dense fog patch. Use dipped headlights and fog lights, but remember to switch them off when conditions improve. It’s also important to remember that LED daytime running lights are unsuitable for driving in fog or at night. If you have automatic lights, make sure they’re switched on when driving in fog.

9. Flood water
Avoid driving directly through the deepest water, which is normally near the kerb. Stick to the centre of the road, but look out for debris and potholes beneath the surface. If in doubt, don’t drive through flood water – seek an alternative route. If you do drive through, take your time, avoid sudden acceleration and test your brakes when you’ve made it through the water.

10. Be prepared for a breakdown
If extreme weather is forecast, it’s worth packing for every eventuality. Should the worst happen, it’ll take longer for the breakdown service or emergency vehicle to reach you, so you could be left in the car or stranded by the road for a prolonged period of time. Before you set off in the snow, pack some warm clothing, blankets and basic nourishment.

While a winter driving safety pack might seem extreme, you’ll be glad of it should you run into trouble. We’d recommend carrying the following items: high visibility jacket, torch, warning triangle, spare tyre, first aid kit, de-icer, screen wash, jump leads and sunglasses (for low winter sun)

From all at Driving Ayrshire stay safe this winter and only travel if really necessary.

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Preparing for winter driving to stay safe

Preparing For Winter Driving

Driving in Snow & Ice

Preparing for winter driving to stay safe

• Its worth preparing for winter driving by knowing your stopping distances and are increased by up to 10 times than in the dry – so leave plenty of space and distance in front!

• If your car starts to skid, don’t brake, instead press the clutch and steer into the skid, braking will exaggerate the skid making it worse.

• Reduce the risk of skidding by driving slowly for the conditions as too much speed can be the cause of a skid happening.

• By selecting second gear to move away in heavy snow or icy conditions it will prevent wheel spin happening.  If you’re driving an automatic car use the ‘Winter’ mode if it’s fitted.

• Always park your vehicle in a safe, legal and convenient place to no prevent causing an obstruction to snow ploughs, gritters and the emergency services.

• If you find the tyres are making hardly any noise you could be driving on ‘black ice’ do not make any sudden steering or braking to prevent skidding.

• See where it has become frosty, such as frost forming on footpaths and parked cars and clear any frost on the vehicle before driving off.

• Look out for pedestrians that may be using the road as footpaths have not been cleared of snow/ice etc

Driving in Heavy Rain Preparing for winter driving

• Use your headlights when visibility is below 100 metres, fog lights may also be used when visibility is seriously reduced but do remember to switch them off again when visibility starts to improve.

• Stopping distances will be increased to double, so leave a 4 second gap between you and the  vehicle  in front.

• If the steering becomes unresponsive, ease off the gas gently to slow down you may be aquaplaning through the deep puddles from the surface rain you’re driving through.

Driving in Floods & Standing Water

• Never drive through water that you don’t know the depth of as water can be deeper than it looks or be very fast moving. Your vehicle may be swept away very quickly putting it into danger, it only takes about 2 feet of water to make your vehicle float and difficult to control!

• When you drive through deep puddles or standing water reduce your speed before the hazard, a slow steady speed in 1st gear is best for control. If water gets into the engine it will destroy it and cause mechanical failure.

• Be aware and take care when pedestrians or cyclists are standing or waiting by the curb side to not soak them from surface spray.

• After driving through standing water you should test your brakes as soon as possible for functionality.  Do not continue driving if brakes become very unresponsive from flooding water.

Driving lessons in bad weather are the most important driving lessons you can take. Therefore try to not cancel your lessons due to bad weather, unless it is essential for safety to not drive. Learning in these conditions is invaluable and could save your life after passing your test!